Illinois Staats-Zeitung Building, Firmenich Building, T-R Building
Life Span: 1873-1962
Location: Northeast corner of Fifth Avenue and Washington Streets
Architect: Bauer and Loebnitz; C. W. Rapp (two-story addition in 1901)
The Land Owner, June, 1872
The Illinois Staats Zeitung building, which forms our title page this month, will be located on the northeast corner of Fifth avenue and Washington street. Its main front, on Fifth avenue, is 110 feet, consisting of an elaborate centre part, and two wings of 35 feet width each. Its equally elaborate front on Washington street, is 40 feet wide. This immense structure which, with its six stories above the basement, will rise fuly 100 feet above the level of the sidewalk, is intended for an office building. The style of the two fronts is that of the Italian Renaissance. Strictly in conformity with the rules of the classics, it preserves all its details, a chaste simplicity, with a special view to proper effect. The material of the whole extent of 150 feet frontage, will be of stone of a light slate color.
A massive basement will support the superstructure. A heavy cornice course above the first and third stories will subdivide the extensive fronts, while the large and highly ornamented windows of the center parts of both fronts will agreeably relieve the monotony which is so often and so painfully noticed in our architecture. Statues of Guttenberg and Franklin, executed in the highest style of art, will be placed upon pedestals below the centre windows of the third story. The whole will be crowned by an allegorical group representing the Goddess of Liberty and Germania.
The basement, 11 feet high in the clear, will contain, on Washington street, a banking office, 40×35 feet; on Fifth avenue, on each side below the main entrance to the building, an office, 15×40 feet. Beneath these three offices will be a subcellar, for storage, 6 feet high in the clear, 40 feet wide, 65 feet long. The remainder (north end) of the basement, 12 feet high (including the height of the offices and the subcellar) will be occupied as the press room of the Staats Zeitung, folding machines, engine, and storage of paper. The boilers will be placed under the alley north of the building.
Illinois Staats Zeitung building, in process of erection, Northeast Corner Fifth Avenue and Washington Street.
The first story above the basement, 15 feet high in the clear, will contain another office for banking purposes, with separate entrance from Washington street, 40 feet wide, and 35 feet deep. The main entrance to the other offices, on the first, second and third stories, will be on Fifth avenue. Onneach side of the entrance there will be an office, 15×40 feet. Adjoining these, the north-end of the building will contain the counting room of the Staats Zeitung, 35 feet front on Fifth avenue, by 40 feet in depth.
The second and third floors will be divided each into seven commodious offices, well lighted and ventilated, varying in size from 12×20 to 12×25 feet. The editorial rooms will be in the third story over the counting room. All the offices in the basement, and in the three stories above the basement, will be provided with spacious fire-proof vaults.
The mechanical business of the Staats Zeitung will be located in the fourth, fifth and sixth stories, connected with each other by a separate stairway from the rear alley, and not connected with the office part of the building. The job printing department will occupy the fourth floor, a book-bindery and lithography the fifth flor, composition and stereo-typing rooms the sixth floor.
The height, in the clear, of the different divisions of the building will be—subsellar and basement, 17 feet (of which 6 above the sidewalk); first story, 15 feet; second story, 13½ feet; third story, 12½ feet; fourth story, 11 feet; fifth and sixth, 10 feet each. The entire building will be heated by steam. An elevator, operated by steam, will give easy access to the upper stories to passengers.
The entire cost of the building, as it has been designed by Messrs. Bauer &Lobnitz, is estimated at $100,000; the ground cost $80,000. A bullock press and stereotyping apparatus have been contracted for by the Staats Zeitung, at a cost of $31,000. Including the cost of new furniture, type, and other material, the total investment of the Staats Zeitung will not fall far short of $250,000.
Illinois Staats-Zeitung, April 08, 1873
The Staats Zeitung, its History and New Building.
Since a few days, the Illinois Staats-Zeitung has been once more master in its own home. Complete possession has been taken of the new building and the machinery has been tried out. At such a moment a brief historical retrospect will not be amiss.
On the morning of October 9, 1871, the Illinois Staats-Zeitung shared the fate of thousands of its readers. They made a quick exit out of their building and forgot to take their possessions along. Everything was destroyed and nothing remained but the name. The Illinois-Staats-Zeitung had the satisfaction of learning that its name meant something, for the appearance of the first number was greeted with jubilation.
On account of the fire only one number could not appear. The Monday number that was already half out of the press, but on Wednesday morning October 11, the first small sheet printed, on one side, was in the hands of the German citizens. While even great English papers, like the Times, were quiet for weeks, the Illinois Staats-Zeitung appeared regularly in a constantly larger size. Our readers know under what conditions we worked in those years. The editorial staff was in Chicago and the printing press in Milwaukee, so that the telegraph had to be used constantly. October 12, the paper appeared in two pages with five columns; October 13, there were six columns; October 14 , there were four pages and six columns. Fifty days after the fire the paper had reached its old size, and due to the use of smaller print the reader disposed of more reading material than he had previously. All this work was done in much too narrow rooms. But our new building located at the Northeast corner of Washington Street and Fifth Avenue, can compare with the palaces of the English press.
The Illinois Staats-Zeitung is a quarter of a century old. It was founded in 1848 by Robert Hoffgen, who is now enjoying the evening of on a sugar plantation in South America.
Before the Illinois Staats-Zeitung a little weekly existed, the Volks-freund, founded two years previously by Hoffgen and sold by him to an immigrated Ecclesiastic from Switzerland by the name of Waldberger. The Volksfreund had about seventy weekly subscribers. It was bought for $400. When this weekly ceased to appear is not known.
The staff of the Illinois Staats-Zeitung comprised the owner and an apprentice, John Simon. While the apprentice was setting the type of the paper, the owner would ride over the unpaved roads in the neigh-boring countries endeavoring to secure new subscribers.
The home of the publisher was the newspaper ‘s office, his bed a pile of old newspapers. The apprentice received a weekly salary of 75 cents.
The Illinois Staats-Zeitung, also traded in rags. It exchanged rags for white printing paper. The Illinois Staats-Zeitung at that time was under the editorship of Dr. Helmuth. It was the only German paper which had the sagaciousness to foretell and to approve the germs of the Republican Party in the Buffalo platform of 1848.
Arno Voss took the place of Dr. Helmuth after the elections in the fall of 1848. Hermann Kriege became editor and business partner of Hoffgen in 1849. He had gained fame as a Communist writer, but derangement of the mind soon forced him to give up the editorship, which Dr. Helmuth took over once more.
In 1850, great progress was made. At that time the Illinois Staats-Zeitung appeared twice appeared twice a week. On August 25, 1851, the Illinois Staats-Zeitung, edited by Georg Schneider, and published by R. Hoffgen announced that it would become a daily paper.
We have the numbers for the first months of the Daily Illinois Staats-Zeitung lying in front of us. It is a small paper, the size not larger than that of the New York Literary Journal. Of the four pages of the newspaper, two are filled by advertisements and two by reading material.
During the time of its weekly appearances the paper had no more than two hundred to three hundred subscribers. When the paper had seven hundred subscribers it was printed in the Democratic press of scrips on South Clark Street.
The paper was delivered at the homes for ten cents.a week. Instead of printing 300 copies, only 150 were printed. These 150 were brought by boys to the homes. The next day the boys would retrieve those papers and then bring them to the other 150 subscribers. As there was no question of news, everybody was satisfied. The publisher saved paper and the subscribers were not too exacting. Telegraphic news were still unknown in those happy times. The offices of the paper were transferred in 1851 to 160 Randolph Street, later to 12 S. Wells Street, from there to the building erected by the paper on La Salle Street and most recently to 104 Madison Street.
Since 1853, the editorship has been held by Georg Hillgartner and Georg Schneider. The latter (Georg Schneider) had in the meantime become a business partner.
In 1861 Mr. Schlaeger resigned the editorship of the paper. In his place Wm. Rapp was appointed as Chief Editor and Lorenz Brentano as assistant editor. Mr. Hoffgen’s desire to retire gave Mr. Brentano an opportunity to buy the share of the retiring part owner with the help of A. C. Hesing, who at that time was Sheriff of Cook County. When the following year, Mr. Schneider, who had become Tax Collector, also retired, A. C. Hesing took over half of the business.
In the Spring of 1867 A. C. Hesing became the sole owner of the paper.
Rand McNally & Co.’s Bird’s-Eye Views and Guide to Chicago, 1892
The Staats-Zeitung Building
Is a prominent and tasteful structure of the old style, across from the Times, at the northeast corner of Washington Street and Fifth Avenue. Various statues adorn the trades, and the prosperity of the oldest German daily newspaper of the West has lent its mark to the surroundings. On Washington Street there are 40 feet; on Fifth Avenue, 110 feet. The 6 stories carry the cornice to a height of 90 feet, and the presses may be seen in the basement. There are 30 offices, with 1 elevator. The building was erected by A. C. Hesing, who, before the Great Fire, was called “Boss of Chicago,” owing to his paramount political influence. The paper is now conducted by his son, Washington Hesing. The buildings just east of the Staats-Zeitung have long been famous as lodge-rooms and meeting-places of all kinds of societies, but particularly of workingmen with political aspirations, Knights of Labor, and others.
Illinois Staats-Zeitung Building
Chicago And Its Resources, Twenty Years After, 1892
The Illinois Staats Zeitung is a good representative of German-American enterprise and thought. It was founded in 1847 by Robert Hoeffger, who seems to have been a genuine Pooh Bah,1 combining in his own person the functions of editor, advertising solicitor, circulator, typo and pressman.
At the beginning of 1851 the paper boasted seventy subscribers. The combined daily circulation of all the editions is now 97,000 copies. It now occupies its own building, which cost, along with its equipment, fully $300,000. The Illinois Staats Zeitung was the first German paper to discover republican principles in the Buffalo platform of 1848 and afterward it antagonized the Nebraska bill, and led the Germans into the Republican party, fighting hard for Freemont, and afterward for Lincoln. Latterly it has been a power in municipal, county and state politics. There is but one German paper with greater wealth and circulation, and none surpasses it in ability, influence and popularity, with myriads of German readers all over the United States.
Its late etlitor, Hon. Herman Raster, died while filling the important post of American Consul at Berlin.
Illinois Staats-Zeitung Agricultural Edition Masthead
August 2, 1899
Inter Ocean, February 16, 1899
The Illinois Staats Zeitung company, publishers of the Illinois Staats Zeitung,the oldest German newspaper in Chicago, yesterday passed into the hands of a receiver appointed by Judge Clifford in the Circuit court, on the petition of the Chicago National bank, one of the creditors of the company,
The filing of the bill for the appointment of the receiver was prefaced by the entering of a confessed judgement against the company in favor of the bank in the sum of $31,586.30.
William Rapp, vice president of the Illinois Staats Zeitung company, and Charles E. Pietsch, secretary and treasurer, were present in the courtroom, and assented to the entrance of an order appointing the Equitable Trust company as temporary receiver, with authority to continue the business of the company till the further order of the court. Shortly after 5 o’clock a representative of the trust company took possession of the plant at the Staats Zeitung building, Washington street and Fifth avenue.
The Illinois Staats Zeitung company last April celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of its existence. When originally incorporated the capital stock was placed at $100,000, and in 1875, after removing to its present quarters, the stock was increased to $400,000. A large part of this stock is held by the estate of Anthony C. Hesing, formerly president of the company.
Chicago Tribune, September 15, 1901
Architect C. W. Rapp has completed plans for a two-story fireproof addition and the reconstruction of the of Staats Zeitung Building at the northeast corner of Washington street and Fifth avenue, for Joseph Firmenich. The building is six stories high, 40×110 feet. The Staats Zeitung, which occupied the first, fifth, and sixth stories, has moved out, and the building will be converted into a modern office structure, with a banking-room on the main floor. New elevators will be put in, and the cost of improvements will amount to about $45,000.
Chicago Tribune, February 7, 1922
Less than three months after its editors had published an article declaring the American Legion is made up of “bums and tramps,” the Illinois Staats Zeitung yesterday passed into the hands of a receiver. It will continue publication as a Sunday newspaper only.
Failure of the newspaper owners to discharge Arthur Lorenz, author of the offending editorial, was given by Frederick W. Beech, formerly advertising manager, as one of the reasons for the company’s failure. He said he had been refused advertising contracts by several big firms when he admitted Lorenz was still employed.
Judge Denis E. Sullivan named Fred Turner, former business manager of the company, receiver yesterday, following the filing of bankruptcy proceedings in the Superior court by Attorney William L. Reed. He acted for three creditors—William Heyn, Robert L. Fisher, and Albert Fisher. According to Attorney Reed, the total claims against the company are approximately $15,000.
Asked if the new management would continue to employ Lorenz, against whom action has been begun by the federal government, Attorney Reed said the matter of asking for his resignation was under consideration.
Sydney Spielman, son of a New York politician, purchased the newspaper for $25,000 last March, following receivership action. In December an editorial appeared under the headline, “Die Feinstein der Feine.” Among other things it called the American Legion an “institution bought with British gold to suppress the truth, to gag freedom of conscience, and to betray organized labor.”
Immediately following its publication, Palmer Edmunds, then commander of Blackhawks post, caused suit to be filed against the company for $100,000.
1922 Chicago Central Business and Office Building Directory
Chicago Tribune, December 29, 1961
REAL ESTATE NEWS
The property at 184-188 W. Washington st. has been sold by Irving Winter, executor of the estate of Florence Winter, to the American National Bank and Trust Company of Chicago as trustee. The eight story brick and stone building was built in 1873. George S. Lurie company and Eli Geiger were brokers. The price was not given.
Illinois Staats-Zeitung Building
Robinson Fire Map
Sanborn Fire Insurance Map
1 Pooh-Bah, a character in Gilbert and Sullivan’s The Mikado (1885), who holds all of the high offices of state simultaneously and uses them for personal gain.