The Chicago Times was a newspaper in Chicago from 1854 to 1895, when it merged with the Chicago Herald.1
The Times was founded in 1854 by James W. Sheahan, with the backing of Democrat and attorney Stephen A. Douglas, and was identified as a pro-slavery newspaper. In 1861, after the paper was purchased by Democratic journalist Wilbur F. Storey, the Times began espousing the Copperhead point of view, supporting Southern Democrats and denouncing the policies of Abraham Lincoln. During the Civil War, General Ambrose Burnside, head of the Department of the Ohio, suppressed the paper in 1863 because of its hostility to the Union cause, but Lincoln lifted the ban when he received word of it.
Storey and Joseph Medill, editor of the Republican-leaning Chicago Tribune, maintained a strong rivalry for some time. In 1888, the newspaper saw the brief addition of Finley Peter Dunne to its staff. Dunne was a columnist whose Mr. Dooley satires won him national recognition. After just one year, Dunne left the Times to work for the rival Chicago Tribune.
In 1895, the Times became the Chicago Times-Herald after a merger with the Chicago Herald, a newspaper founded in 1881 by James W. Scott. After Scott’s sudden death in the weeks following the merger, H. H. Kohlsaat took over the new paper. He changed its direction from a “democratic” publication to an “independent republican” one. It supported “sound money” policies (against free silver) in the 1896 election.
Kohlsaat bought the Chicago Record from Chicago Daily News publisher Victor F. Lawson in 1901 and merged it with the Times-Herald to form the Chicago Record-Herald. Frank B. Noyes acquired an interest in the new newspaper at the time and served as publisher, with Kohlsaat as editor.
Chicago Tribune, March 3, 1895
The consolidation of the Chicago Times with the Chicago Herald will be consummated today. This morning the last edirion of the Times as an individual paper will be printed. Tomorrow morning the first number of the Times-Herald will appear.
The consolidated paper is owned and will be published by the Herald company, of which James W. Scott is the majority stockholder. The company is capitalized at $1,000,000. Its assets comprises the good will, plants and buildings of the Chicago Herald and Chicago Evening Post, and also the good will and plant and lease of the building which will be vacated today by the Times. On the Herald Building there are $600,000 of ten-year bonds outstanding, while on the Post are bonds for $150,000, held by John R. Walsh, formerly owner of the Herald and the Post.
The Times has been published by the Newspaper company, which is capitalized at $500,000. The stock of this company has been bought by the Herald company and Mr. Scott has been elected its President. It is said that the consolidation was about $260,000 in stock of the consolidated papers, Adolf Kraus, who has been in control of the Newspaper company and the Times for some time, disposed of the control several weeks ago to H.W. Hawley, lately of the Denver Times, and with Mr. Hawley Mr. Scott conducted his negotiations.
Mr. Scott will dictate the policy of the consolidated papers. He will be at once editor-in-chief and head of the business department of the paper. Mr. Hawley, the largest minority stockholder in the Herald company, becomes managing editor of the consolidated papers. He will be in active control of the editorial end. Horatio W. Seymour, who has been managing editor of the Herald since 1887, retires, and will spend the next few months in rest and recuperation. With Mr. Hawley there come to the Times-Herald the staff of the Times twelve or fourteen men, most of whom have occupied editorial positions. Mr. Scott said yesterday that there would be no changes in the heads of departments on the Herald’s editorial staff, though adnitting minor changes were not improbable.Robert Ainslee, the present business manager of the Herald, will remain in the same position on the Times-Herald.
Mr. Scott contradicted rumors to the effect that the price of the Evening Post was to be reduced to one cent, and its publication to the Herald Building. He said the Post will remain in its present building, and that there would be no changes of any consequence in either its editorial or business ends. The Post will be in no way connected with the Herald except that it will be owned by the same company.
This morning after the last edition of Times had gone to press the compositors employed on the paper were entertained in lunch by Adolf Kraus, the retiring proprietor. Monday night will give a banquet to the members of his editorial staff.
The Times this morning will print the following valedictory editorial:
- With some regrets I relinquish
Chicago TimesHerald Consolidation
March 4, 1895
William Wallace Denslow
CHRONOLOGY OF CHICAGO TIMES
Chicago Times, 1854 – 1895 (became Chicago Times-Herald)
Chicago Morning Post, 1860 – 1865 (became Chicago Republican)
Chicago Republican, 1865 – 1872 (became Inter Ocean)
Chicago Times-Herald, 1895 – 1901 (became Chicago Record-Herald)
Inter Ocean, 1872 – 1914 (became Chicago Record-Herald)
Chicago Daily Telegraph, 1878 – 1881 (became Chicago Morning Herald)
Chicago Herald, 1881 – 1918 (merged with Chicago Examiner)
Chicago Examiner, 1902 – 1918 (merged with Chicago Herald)
Chicago Herald-Examiner, 1918 – 1939 (became Herald-American)
Chicago Record, 1881 – 1901 (merged with Chicago Morning Herald)
Chicago Morning Herald, 1893 – 1901 (merged with Chicago Record)
Chicago Record Herald, 1901 – 1914
Chicago American, 1900 – 1939, (became Chicago Herald-American)
Chicago Herald-American, 1939 – 1958 (became Chicago’s American)
Chicago’s American, 1958 – 1969 (became Chicago Today)
Chicago Today, 1969 – 1974
1 The Chicago Times (aka The Times) is not to be confused with the Chicago Daily Times (1929 – 1948) which merged with the Chicago Sun (1941 – 1948) and became the Chicago Sun-Times (1948-Present).
The Chicago Times (1854 – 1895), after several mergers, eventually became Chicago’s American which was known in its last years as Chicago Today.