On 17 March 1871, in New York City, an authorized delegation from leading base-ball clubs determined on a “National game.” and formulated sundry fixtures, the chief of which was a series of “championship games.” During the existence of this Association, the Chicago Club (alias “White Stockings”) ceased to be represented during the years 1872 and 1873 – the Great Fire of 1871, by its stern realities, compelling attention to matters other than pastimes.
During the existence of the Association, the competing clubs were as follows:
Chicago, 1871, 1874-1875
Athletic, of Philadelphia, 1871-1875
Mutual, of New York City, 1871-1875
Olympic, of Washington, DC, 1871-1872
Haymakers, of Troy, NY, (styled “Troy” in 1872), 1871-1872
Cleveland (alias Forest City). 1871-1872
Kekiongs, of Fort Wayne, IN, 1871
Rockford (IL), 1871
Lord Baltimore, 1872-1874
Mansfield (Ohio), 1872
National. of Washington, DC, 1872
Washington, 1873, 1875
Resolute, of Elizabeth, NJ, 1873
Maryland, of Baltimore, 1873
St. Louis Brown Stockings, New Haven, St. Louis Red Stockings, Philadelphia Centennial, and Keokuk Western entered in 1875
In 1875, the National Association Clubs numbered thirteen, of only four were members at the time of its organization in 1871. Circumstances produced demoralization and ended in the extinction of the Association. On 2 February 1875, the National Base-Ball League was organized, also in New York City. The clubs represented at the convention were the Chicago, Boston, Athletic and Mutual clubs; the Hartford, St. Louis, Louisville and Cincinnati clubs made the complement of contestants in the first League season.
William A. Hulbert, of this city, was the prime promoter, and is styled the “father of the League.” He was its first and only president until his death, 10 April 1882. Mr. Hulbert is buried in Graceland Cemetery. Due to the National Association’s lack of a definite structure, which culminated in a free-agency type case that revolved around multiple contracts signed by Chicago White Stockings shortstop Davy Force, Hulbert formed the National League.
In addition to the monument erected by his family, the National League have appropriately marked his last resting place by a granite monument bearing the name of every League club, and typical of the National game he loved and served so well.
The League clubs have been as follows (as of 1886):
New York, 1876, 1883-1886
Philadelphia, 1876, 1883-1886
St Louis, 1876-1877, 1885-1886
Cincinnati, 1876, 1878-1880
Troy City, 1879-1882
1889-90 Spalding Catalog
National League President Harry C. Pulliam,
Pittsburgh Pirates: Vic Willis, Tommy Leach, Jim Nealon, Mike Lynch, Honus Wagner, Homer Hillebrand (played for Pittsburgh from 1905-1906 and in 1908, but not in 1907), Deacon Phillippe, Fred Clarke, Ginger Beaumont (played for Pittsburgh from 1899-1906, for Boston in 1907), Lefty Leifield, George Gibson, Otis Clymer, Ed Phelps, Ed Abbattichio, Bill Hallman.
Philadelphia Phillies: Red Dooin, Togie Pittinger, Ernie Courtney, Lew Richie, Bill Duggleby, John Titus, Johnny Lush, Kid Gleason, Roy Thomas, Mickey Doolan, Sherry Magee, Tully Sparks, Kitty Bransfield, Billy Murray.
Cincinnati Reds: Sea Lion Hall, Admiral Schlei, Jake Weimer, Larry McLean, Andy Coakley, Ned Hanlon, Hans Lobert, Snake Deal (played for Cincinnati in 1906 but not 1907), Johnny Siegle (played for Cincinnati from 1905-1906 but not 1907), Del Mason, Lefty Davis, John Ganzel,, Bob Wicker (played for Cincinnati in 1906 but not 1907), Miller Huggins, Bob Ewing.
St. Louis Cardinals: Shad Barry, Fred Beebe, Hostella, Doc Marshall, Irv Higginbotham (played for St. Louis in 1906 and 1908-1909 but not in 1907), Al Burch, Tom O’Hara, Forrest Crawford, Pete Noonan, John J. McCloskey, Red Murray, Ed Karger, Charlie Rhodes (played for St. Louis in 1906 and 1908 but not in 1907), Pug Bennett, Mike Grady (played for St. Louis from 1904-1906 but not 1907), Sam Mertes (played for St. Louis in 1906 but not 1907).
Chicago Cubs: Jack Taylor, Jimmy Slagle, Doc Gessler (played for Chicago in 1906 but not 1907), Three Finger Brown, Joe Tinker, Soly Hofman, Wildfire Schulte, Orval Overall, Frank Chance, Carl Lundgren, Jack Pfeister, Chick Fraser, Ed Reulback, Jimmy Sheckard, Johnny Kling, Harry Steinfeldt, Jack Harper (played for Chicago in 1906 but not 1907), Johnny Evers, Pat Moran.
New York Giants: Sammy Strang, Frank Bowerman, George Browne, Joe McGinnity, Mike Donlin (played for New York from 1904-1906 and 1908, but not 1907), Red Ames, Tommy Corcoran, John McGraw, Cy Seymour, Hooks Wiltse, Dan McGann, Luther Taylor, Bill Dahlen, Christy Mathewson, Spike Shannon, George Ferguson, Art Devlin, Roger Bresnahan.
Brooklyn Suberbas: Red Owens (played for Brooklyn in 1905 but not 1906 or 1907), Elmer Stricklett, Doc Casey, Jack McCarthy, Harry McIntyre, Patsy Donovan, Mal Eason (played for Brooklyn from 1905-1906 but not in 1907), Whitey Alperman, Bill Bergen, Emil Batch, John Hummel, Billy Maloney, Harry Lumley, Lew Ritter, Phil Lewis, Tim Jordan, Jim Pastorius.
Boston Doves: Claude Ritchey, Sam Brown, Dave Brain, Allie Strobel (played for Boston from 1905-1906 but not 1907), Tom Needham, Fred Tenney, Irv Young, Al Bridwell, Jack O’Neill (played for Boston in 1906 but not 1907), Harry Wolverton (played for Boston in 1905 but not in 1906 or 1907), Johnny Bates, Vive Lindaman, Cozy Dolan (played for Boston from 1895-1896 and 1905-1906), Del Howard, Big Jeff Pfeffer, Gus Dorner.